WAEC Chemistry Practical Questions and Answers 2021/2022 PDF Download

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WAEC Chemistry Practical Questions and Answers 2021/2022 PDF Download.

Are you writing the SSCE Examination for this academic year? Be it WAEC, NECO, GCE, you need to know the exact set of questions that you will be tackling. This article provides information regarding the WAEC Chemistry Practical Questions and Answers.

WAEC Chemistry Practical Questions and Answers

WAEC Chemistry Practical Questions and Answers

These questions are often repeated questions and you need to know them in order to scale through the hurdle of the WAEC practical examination.

The student are eagerly awaiting their practical exams and a material like this is the perfect handout which applicants need in other to prepare properly while waiting for the Exams.

Important Things to Know About WAEC Chemistry Practical Exams

  • Practical Chemistry is a targeted used in teaching students the basic skill of chemistry.
  • Make sure all precautions are fully followed
  • Precautions leading to accurate results in titration

Likely and repeated WAEC Chemistry Practical Questions and Answers

1. A is 0.100 mol dm-3 solution of an acid. B is a solution KOH containing 2.8 g per 500 cm3.
(a) Put A into the burette and titrate it against 25.0 cm3 portions B using methyl orange as indicator. Repeat the titration to obtain consistent titres.  Tabulate your readings and calculate the average volume of A used.

(b) From your results and the information provided above, calculate the:
(i) number of moles of acid in the average titre;
(ii) number of moles of KOH in the volume of B pipetted;
(iii) mole ratio of acid to base in the reaction
[H = 1.00, O = 16.0, K = 39.0]

ANS: (a) titration soon.

(b) (i) number of moles of acid = 0.100 x VA
1000
=   X mole(s) [3sig. Fig to score]

1000cm3 contains 0.100 mole(s)
VA will contain 0.100 x VA
1000
=   X moles [3 Sig. Fig. to score]

(ii) Number of moles of KOH in B
500cm3 of B contains 2.8g of KOH
1000cm3 of B will contain 2.8 x 1000 = 5.6 KOH
500
Molar mass of KOH = 39 + 16 + 1 or 56 gmol-1

Conc of B = 5.6  = 0.100 mol dm-3
56

(iii) Mole ratio of acid to base = X: Y to nearest whole number ratio.

2. C is a mixture of two salts. Carry out the following exercises on C. Record your observations and identify any gas(es) evolved. State the conclusion drawn from the result of each test.

(a) Put all of C into a boiling tube and add about 5cm3 of distilled water.  Stir thoroughly and filter. Keep both the residue and the filtrate.

 

(b) To about 2 cm3 of the filtrate, add few drops of Pb(NO3)2(aq)‑Boil the mixture and then allow to cool.

(c) (i) Put the residue in a test tube and add dilute HNO3. Shake the mixture and divide the solution into two portions.
(ii) To the first portion from (c)(i), add NaOH(aq) in drops and then in excess.
(iii) To the second portion from (c)(i), add aqueous ammonia in drops and thein in excess.

ANS:

TEST OBSERVATION INFERENCE
a)  C+water, mixture stirred
and filtered
Partly dissoves/ soluble Colourless filtrate
White residue (do not accept ppt /solid)
C contains soluble and insoluble salts
b) Filtrate + Pb (NO3)2(aq). Boiled then cooled White precipitate formed
Precipitate dissolves
Precipitate re-appeares
Cl-, SO42- or CO32.
Cl- present
Cl- confirmed
c) (i) Residue + dil HNO3 Effervescence /bubles /gas evolved colourless, odourless gas. Gas turns lime water milky. CO2 evolved from CO32-
(ii)  Solution from (c)(i) + NaOH(aq) in drops then in excess White gelatinous ppt formed. Precipitate dissolves Zn2+ or A13+

Zn2+ or A13+

(iii) Solution from (c)(i) + HN3(aq) in drops then in excess White gelatinous. Precipitate forms. Precipitate dissolves Zn2+ or A13+

Zn2+ confirmed

3. (a) Explain briefly the observations in each of the following processes:
(i) when carbon(IV) oxide is bubbled through lime water, it turns milky but the milkiness disappears when the gas is bubbled for a long time;
(ii) a precipitate of calcium hydroxide is insoluble in excess sodium hydroxide solution whereas that of lead (II) hydroxide is soluble.

(b) (i) What is a primary standard solution?
(ii) Calculate the mass of sodium trioxocarbonate(IV) required to prepare 250 cm3 of 0.15 moldm-3 solution.
[Na = 23.0; O = 16.0; C = 12.0]

(c) Name one gas that can be collected by:
(i) upward displacement of air;
(ii) downward displacement of air.

ANS: (a) (i): Insoluble CaCO3 formation is responsible for the milkness produce when CO2 is bubbled through lime water while the disappearance of milkness is due to the formation of soluble Ca(HCO3)2.
Lime water turns milky with CO2 because  CaCO3/ CaCO3(s)  is formed. Milkiness disappear when excess CO2 reacts with CaCO3 in water medium forming the soluble Ca(HCO3)2/ Ca(HCO3)2 (aq).
(ii) Calcium hydroxide is not amphoteric. Does not react with an alkali NaOH whereas lead (II) hydroxide is amphoteric so reacts with excess NaOH.

(b) (i) Primary standard solution is one whose concentration is known and can be used to standardize another solution.
(ii)    M (Na2CO3)    =  106 gmol-1
m(Na2CO3)     =  C x M x V
=   0. 15 x 106 x 0. 25
=   3. 98 g

(c) (i) Carbon(IV) oxide, sulphur (IV) oxide, hydrogen chloride, oxygen, nitrogen (IV) oxide, chlorine, hydrogen sulphide.
(ii) Ammonia, oxygen, hydrogen, methane.

Precautions to be taken in WAEC Physic Practical’s

Quantitative Analysis (Volumetric Analysis/Titration- Qualitative Analysis (Test of ions)

  • Wash the conical flask with distilled water only*
  • Do not blow the last drop out of the bottom of the pipette
  • The correct volume is delivered only if that last drop is there
  • Do not use more than two drops of the indicator provided, unless otherwise stated. To avoid increasing the concentration of either the base or acid since they are weak organic acids or bases.
  • Check that your burette is not leaking by first filling it will distilled water*
  • Remove the water and rinse the burette by at least two times with the solution with which it is to be filled. It is done to remove bubbles from the barrel which might introduce some errors by bending tube side way

RULES IN VOLUMETRIC ANALYSIS

  • Initial burette reading should not be taking from zero. This is to avoid error due to surface tension and that of the manufacturer*
  • Rough reading must be discarded in taking the average titre value
  • Only values that do not differ each other by 0.20cm³ should be added
  • All calculations must be corrected to 3significant figures, example 3.02, 7.05 and 0.00987
  • When titrating rotate the conical flask to ensure proper mixing
  • Ensure that the acid is gently released from the burette into the conical flask. This is to avoid leaving some drops of the solution of the sides of burette

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