WAEC Geography Questions and Answers 2021 | Theory and OBJ- Download PDF

Filed in WAEC News by on July 25, 2021 0 Comments

WAEC Geography Questions and Answers 2021 | Theory and OBJ- Download PDF

If you are about to write the West African Senior Certificate Exams (WASSCE), you will realize that you need the WAEC Past Questions and Answers.

This article provides you with WAEC Geography Questions and Answers for the WASSCE 2021. It contains information regarding the WAEC Geography Theory and Objective Questions and Answers.

WAEC Geography Objective Questions

1. Villages develop into urban centres when they ____
A. attract more people
B. produce enough food
C. establish educational institutions
D. grow in commerce and industry.

2. By how many times will a map measuring 12cm by 7cm be enlarged to make its area 336cm2?
A. Twice
B. Three times
C. Four times
D. Five times.

3. Eluviation is the process by which _______
A. Soluble substances are removed from the upper layers of the soil
B. soluble substances are deposited in the upper layers of the soil
C. fine particles are removed from one layer of the soil to another
D. fine particles are deposited in the upper layers of the soil.

4. Transhumance is the seasonal migration of livestock ______
A. from the lowlands to the uplands
B. from the north to the south following the rains
C. in the semiarid steppes
D. in search of water and pasture.

5. Variations in the lengths of day and night over the earth’s surface are due to the _____
A. earth’s inclination to the sun and its revolution
B. earth’s inclination to the sun and its rotation
C. length of the earth’s orbit
D. thickness of the earth’s atmosphere.

6. The progressive widening of joints and cracks in limestone by solutions, initially leads to the formation of ______
A. grikes and clints
B. stalactites and stalagmites
C. caves and caverns
D. cliffs and dry valleys.

7. When condensation occurs in a rising air mass, latent heat is _____
A. absorbed by carbon dioxide
B. lost to the atmosphere
C. stored in the water molecules
D. released as sensible heat.

8. Two cloud types of great vertical extent that produce much rainfall are _____
A. cumulus and stratus
B. cumulus and cumulo-nimbus
C. cumulo-nimbus and nimbostratus
D. strato-cumulus and nimbo-stratus.

9. The cheapest means of transport for long distance travel is by _____
A. rail
B. water
C. air
D. road.

10. If the distance between two points on a map with scale 1: 50,000 is 35mm, what is the distance between them on the ground?
A. 1.50 km
B. 1.55 km
C. 1.75 km
D. 1.85 km.

11. If a map has a scale of 1: 50,000 and a cocoa plantation is represented on the map by a rectangle 5 cm by 4 cm, what is the area of the plantation?
A. 5 km2
C. 20km2
D. 25km2.

See: WAEC Further Mathematics Questions and Answer

12. On which of the following pairs of dates is the length of day and night equal on the earth’s surface?
A. June 21st and September 21st
B. March 22nd and December 22nd
C. June 21st and December 22nd
D. March 21st and September 23rd.

13. Lakes formed as a result of landslides, screes or avalanches are known as _____
A. man-made lakes
B. barrier lakes
C. caldera lakes
D. rock-hollow lakes.

14. Which of the following is a major environmental problem in heavily industrialized regions?
A. Accelerated erosion
B. Water pollution
C. Frost damage
D. acid rain.

15. The crossing of a boundary between two countries by a migrant is best described as ____
A. emigration
B. Immigration
C. Out-migration
D. international migration.

16. A process whereby a plant community is replaced by another is known as ________
A. colonization
B. succession
C. competition
D. consolidation.

17. The duration of sunshine is measured by the ______
A. aneroid barometer
B. Campbell-Stokes recorder
C. cup-anemometer
D. minimum-maximum thermometers.

18. Quartz, feldspar and mica are three principal minerals that can easily be seen in _____
A. basalt
B. coal
C. granite
D. limestone.

19. The rock with the least carbon content is ______
A. Coal
B. Sandstone
C. marble
D. lignite.

20. The process by which organic matter is decomposed and synthesized to form part of the soil is known as ______
A. humification
B. mineralization
C. laterization
D. nitrification.

21. Which of the following groups consists of energy resources?
A. Petroleum, uranium and manganese
B. Coal, bauxite and uranium
C. Water, copper and sun
D. Coal, petroleum and water.

22. A piece of evidence that confirms that the earth is spherical is _______
A. Standard time
B. solar system
C. earth’s orbit
D. moon’s eclipse.

23. A tremendous pressure or temperature change may lead to the formation of ______
A. limestone
B. granite
C. gneiss
D. clay.

24.  Which of the following sources of power supply is renewable?
A. Solar
B. Coal
C. Gas
D. Nuclear.

25. Hygrometer is used to measure ______
A. rainfall
B. wind direction
C. relative humidity
D. sunshine.

26. The largest ocean in the world is the _______
A. Atlantic Ocean
B. Indian Ocean
C. Arctic Ocean
D. Pacific Ocean.

27. Rock minerals are said to be crystalline when the atoms forming them are _______
A. found in sedimentary rocks
B. found in crystalline rocks
C. arranged in definite pattern
D. arranged vertically.

28. The difference in time between two longitudes is approximately ______
A. 15 hours
B. 40 minutes
C. 4 hours
D. 4 minutes.

29. A slope is said to be even when the contours are _________
A. equally spaced
B. concentric
C. closely spaced
D. irregularly spaced.

WAEC Geography Theory and Practical Questions


Original length=39cm
Original breadth =39cm
Original scale=1:50,000

converting to a third of the original map we have
New scale=1:50,000×3
New breadth= 39/3 =13cm
New length= 39/3= 13cm


b)DAYAN-NKANTA settlement

From the left. =15cm/3 =5cm
From the top =19cm/3=6.3cm
ii) River adeukro
From the left =27cm/3 =9cm

iii) class 2 road

 from the right =8/3=2.7cm


From the top =16.3/3 =5.4cm

from the right=7.5cm/3 =2.5cm

1d) The road network on the mapped area consists of class 1road which moves from road camp in the southern part and moves through the Western part and class 2&3 road connected at duayaw-Nkwanta. and nodal town and pass through susanho to North west. Another interchange to awonmo a nodal town and moves to benchem and TECHIMANTIA which is a commercial area

(2) (YEAR 2003)
P               |200                          |42.35°
Q.              | 400                         |84.71°
R.              | 800                         |169.4°
S.               | 300                        |63.53°
———————————————      total=1700.
Total =360°

2b) kindly use compass for the accurate drawing of a pie chart using the above degrees


4a)solar system is the collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit round the sun, together with smaller bodies in the form of asteroids, meteoroids, and comets


-Mercury is the innermost of the eight planets in our Solar System. It is the second densest major body in the solar system after Planet Earth and its density is slightly less than the density of Earth.

-It orbits the Sun once in about 88 Earth days.
-Its diameter is 4,878km at its equator, which is about two-fifths of Earth’s diameter


The composition of the Earth consists of the solid and liquid portion and the atmosphere or gaseous portion.
-The earth is spherical in shape

The diameter of the Earth at the equator is 12,756 km (7,926 miles), and its circumference or distance around the Earth at the equator is 40,075 km (24,901 miles).

6a)  Delta is a triangular tract of sediment deposited at the mouth of a river, typically where it diverges into several outlets.

6b)-The presence of a large catchment, or drainage, basin (the area where all run-off water drains to the river). The top 30 river deltas all have catchment basins in excess of 1,000,000 sq km.

– They all are at the mouth of large river systems that carry large quantities of clastic sediments (soils or portions of rocks that have been moved by water from where they formed).

-They are not near geologically active coastlines. In order to have a large catchment basin, a very complex tributary system is necessary. These long, complex systems take a long time to develop, so they are very rarely situated on tectonically active coasts.

6c) -The river must have large load. This will be possible if there is active erosion in the upper and middle stages.

-There should not be extensive deposition in the middle stage e.g. presence of lake in between or high evaporation rate (first).

-The river’s load must be deposited faster than it can be removed by the action of currents and tides.




– Temperature

-Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases.
-Prevailing global wind patterns


(i) Climate changes involving temperature affects man. Warmer temperatures make conditions more conducive to growing crops, which allows farmers to produce the food necessary to feed people and livestock. Adverse weather conditions, such as heat waves, droughts, flood, and extreme cold, have a negative effect on agriculture, which reduces the available food supply.

(ii) Climate changes such as heatwaves and floods can seriously impact health. These changes can also produce unhealthy water and limit or even deplete a region’s food supply.

(iii) climate changes involving the planet’s atmosphere can negatively affect human health.

How to Download WAEC Past Questions and Answers

WAEC Past Questions and Answers are available for download for all subjects in PDF. To download WAEC Past Questions and Answers for Geography, you only need a phone, a whatsapp account and a Gmail address.

Then call 07063986527 and drop and WhatsApp message.

Click the Link Below to download WAEC Past Questions and Answers for Geography.

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